Ref NoLDGSL/1073
TitleTEALL, Sir Jethro Justinian Harris (1849-1924)
Extent2 volumes
DescriptionTwo scrapbooks of documents, newspaper cuttings and photographs collected by Sir Jethro Justinian Harris Teall and his wife Harriet, 1876-1926.

Many items relate to Teall's life, with events including his honorary degrees, lectures he gave, dinners he attended, and invitations to occasions such as the funeral of Edward VII and the coronation of George V. There is also a great deal of material relating to his younger son Frederick Teall, particularly his time in the Cambridge University Athletic Club and his subsequent career in the civil service and participation in tennis tournaments in Cairo. There are a few items relating to Teall's wife, Harriet, and his elder son, George Teall, who was in the army.

The first volume mostly dates from Teall's time as director of the Geological Survey, while the second relates to the latter part of Teall's directorship of the Geological Survey and his subsequent retirement activities.
Administrative HistorySir Jethro Justinian Harris Teall was born on 5 January 1849, the only child of Jethro Teall, at Northleach, Gloucestershire. He attended Berkeley Villa School followed by St John’s College Cambridge, where he turned from mathematics to geology and was taught by Thomas Bonney and Adam Sedgwick. He was the first recipient of the Sedgwick prize for geology in 1874, after which he became a fellow (1875) and taught under the university extension scheme, as well as carrying out petrographic research.

He was particularly interested in metamorphic minerals and the crystallization of magmas, leading him to produce his celebrated work ‘British Petrography’ (1888), which was partially illustrated by his wife Harriet. In 1888 he joined the Geological Survey of Great Britain, becoming its director from 1901 to 1914, when he retired. During this time he extended the Survey’s activities and enhanced its utility and educational value.

Teall was elected Fellow of the Geological Society in 1873, and spent time as secretary (1893-1897) and president (1900-1902). He also received the Bigsby and the Wollaston medals (1889 and 1905). Other recognitions include the presidency of the Geologists’ Association (1898-1900), Fellowship of the Royal Society (1890), the Delesse prize from the Académie des Sciences (1907), and honorary doctorates from Oxford, Cambridge, Dublin and St Andrews, in addition to his knighthood (1916). He died on 2 July 1924.
ProvenancePresented by Teall's grandchildren, Mr Jock Teall and Mrs Cynthia Roe, 1994.
Access ConditionsAccess is by appointment only. Please contact the Archivist for further information.
ArchNoteDescription by John Thackray, revised by Victoria Woodcock.
CreatorNameTEALL | Sir | Jethro Justinian Harris | 1849-1924 | geologist
TermColonial civil service
Edwardian period
Societies and clubs
DS/UK/128TEALL; Sir; Jethro Justinian Harris (1849-1924); geologist1849-1924
DS/UK/427SEELEY; Harry Govier (1839-1909); palaeontologist and geologist1839-1909
DS/UK/955MARCONI; Guglielmo (1874-1937); physicist and inventor of wireless transmission1874-1937
DS/UK/24British Science Association; 1831-1831-
DS/UK/941SCOTT; Robert Falcon (1868-1912); naval officer and Antarctic explorer1868-1912
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